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Orals Reports

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  • Orals Reports

    The purpose of this thread is to group all the Engine Oral reports made by our members together in one place to make it easier for our members to find. In order to keep it organised please follow the below rules!

    • Do not post comments or replies to Orals reports in this thread.
    • Do state which examination level the report is for (OOW/2nds/Chief/etc)
    • Only post reports for Engine Examinations in this thread
    • Please only post your own reports

    You can either post the full report here or place a link to your report on a public ally available blog or web site that you have posted it to.

    It's probably benefitial if you include the date of examination and examination centre, anything else you include is at your discretion.
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  • #2
    Office: Liverpool
    Examiner: Mr Lewis
    Date: September 2014
    Level: EOOW
    Start to finish: 35 minutes

    The exam at Liverpool is held for EOOWs only on certain Wednesdays, it's more for higher level orals. The examiner is young and friendly, the centre is beachfront in a quiet area with toilets in the car park. Good for some relaxing last few minutes (especially if you're sh***ing yourself) before you go in.

    When you go in you sign in at reception and wait in a waiting room which has magazines all over the place, the examiner will come out and shake your hand. He then leads you to the exam room, which is just an office with a sea view; jug of water and glasses, a piece of blank paper and a pencil/ruler on the table. The exam itself was in the format of a friendly chat, he shows great interest in your job and ship.

    Went into exam room and gave him my TRB/Discharge book, he checked them and asked about my ships and where I sailed from/to. Replied Ferries and Dover-Calais, Liverpool-Dublin.

    You mention engine cut outs in your reports, did you ever see these tested?
    How do you test the high jacket temperature alarm?
    Does this sensor sit directly in the water?
    What would you check when you're doing your engine room rounds?
    What would you look for on the start air system?
    What do you have on air compressors to relieve crankcase pressure?
    What do you have on air bottles to relieve pressure? When does this operate?
    When a bilge alarm comes up what do you do?
    You go to pump the bilge but it doesn't pump, what are the reasons?
    What's the difference between a centrifugal and positive displacement pump?
    What do PD pumps have that centrifugal don't?
    How do you prime a bilge pump?
    What record do you fill in regarding bilges?
    Do you fill in the oil record book for anything else?
    What must be recorded in the book every week by law? (sludge tk levels)
    What boiler water tests do you do?
    What would chloride levels tell you?
    Where could you get chloride contamination into your boiler water?
    How does the turning gear engine start interlock work?
    What is the air start distributor for?
    What is the air start fuel limiter for?
    Describe to me how an engine starts (referring to my air start system drawing).
    How does a sprinkler system work? Draw a sprinkler head and system.
    What must you do before releasing the CO2?
    When do you re-enter the ER after releasing CO2?
    What fire extinguisher would you use on a switchboard fire?
    What fire extinguisher would you use on a chip fat fire?
    What fixed systems are found in the galley?
    Where are these systems located? (CO2 over deep far frier)
    What jacket water temperatures did you have on your ship?
    How was this controlled? (3 way valve)
    What control was fitted to this valve, pneumatic or electronic?
    What is a PID controller? - Didn't know the answer, couldn't remember.
    What is the fire triangle?
    What else could you do apart from CO2 to try and remove something from the fire triangle during an ER fire? (boundary cooling).
    Where are drencher systems used on your ship? (car decks)
    What's the difference between this and a sprinkler?
    What do car decks have that no other ship does? (Water on deck alarms.)
    What is the risk of having a little bit of water on car decks? (Free surface effect)
    How do you safely use a watertight door?
    Who else can control these doors?
    What PM's did you do on these doors? (monthly manual remote closing test)
    You are leading a fire party, what do you do as soon as you arrive at your location?
    What is useful about the pressures on the bottles? (BAECO board chat, approx duration of safe working air)
    What does the ISM tell you about your role on your ship?
    What is ISM?
    How do you safely check a pump?
    What checks would you do? (no explanations of tests needed).
    How do you enter an enclosed space?


    • #3
      Office: Glasgow
      Date: June 2016
      Length: 25 Minutes
      Level: EOOW

      The Glasgow office gets extremely busy the same time every year, my advice would be study as soon as you come back from phase 4 and try to get somebody's cancellation appointment, I was able to book my oral only 5 days in advance.

      I'd say I was lucky with my examination, he could have asked me a lot more than he did, it was disappointing in a sense after studying all those months for the exam.

      Standard day, I arrived about 15 minutes (it feels much longer when you're waiting) before my appointment, sat on a chair in the lobby and the examiner came out, introduced himself and shook my hand. We went into the examination room where I gave him my documents as well as TRB and we had a chat first about my sea experience, the majority of my cadet time was spent on AHTS vessels. He showed me a diagram which threw me off for a few seconds, turned out it was the fire escape plan of the building.

      • Tell me about your last ship?
      • Can you go into detail about the engines?
      • How many gearboxes did you have? (My last ship as a cadet had 4 main engines)
      • Did you have 2 engine rooms? (DP related, ship in question was an AHTS)
      • Draw me the jacket water cooling system on your last ship.
      • What was the in/out temp from the engine?
      • What were you testing for in the JWCS? What levels are you looking for? What treatments did you do?
      • Why do we want slightly alkaline water?
      • Okay now tell me how you would hand over a watch?
      • You’re on watch and you get an OMD alarm at 10pm, what are your actions?
      • What was the special requirement for operating the OWS in a special area?
      • What were the general requirements if you were pumping bilge overboard through the OWS?
      • What was the sulphur content of your Diesel oil?
      • What are current the SOx regulations?
      • Not including FiFi, what LSA did you have?
      • What is the frequency of an EPIRB?
      • How does an EPIRB work?
      • Was there anything special about the life buoys on the bridge wings?
      Last edited by bw5991; 21 February 2017, 09:06 AM. Reason: EOOW


      • #4
        EOOW Oral Examination
        30th November 2016
        MCA Glasgow Office
        Examiner D.Langlands

        1. What ships have you been on?
        2. Engine stroke and bore
        3. 4 stroke timing diagram
        4. 4 stroke cross section
        5. Handover of watch
        6. What would you do during your watch?
        7. Engine room log
        8. High exhaust temp from 1 cylinder
        9. Causes of high exhaust temp?
        10. Oil mist detector activates actions?
        11. What causes oil mist?
        12. 1hr before departure
        13. Both gauge glasses on boiler show no level, actions?
        14. Boiler flame is black, causes?
        15. How is air supplied to boiler?
        16. How is fuel supplied to the boiler?
        17. How is fuel is ignited (rotary cup)?
        18. If you had oil in boiler where would you see this
        19. Where might oil have come from
        20. OWS
        21. Regulation for using OWS in special area
        22. What makes an area special (list two also)
        23. What is watertight integrity?
        24. Sketch a double bottom, what is a double bottom and why?
        25. Isolate a pump
        26. Prove dead
        27. Earth fault
        28. IR Testing
        29. Two earth faults can create what?
        30. If you start a generator, and it displays 0V on MSB voltmeter and across the terminals, actions? Assuming voltmeter is correct
        31. Bringing a gen online
        32. What does synchro scope measure
        33. ISM
        34. SOPEP
        35. M Notices
        36. Enclosed space entry
        37. Generator on fire
        38. Fixed firefighting system
        39. Actions on releasing CO2
        40. Fire plan shows what
        41. Muster list
        42. LSA
        43. EPIRB & SART

        You’ll be happy to know you’re a pass. Kept everything related to my ship (DP 3 Subsea construction vessel) and no questions about 2 stroke engines. Also looked through my TRB during the drawings.


        • #5
          Location: Southampton
          Level: EOOW
          Date: 13 June 2017
          Examiner: Prasad Panicker
          Duration: 35 minutes

          Turned up for my oral 30 minutes early and was sat in waiting area for 10 minutes before the examiner came and called me.

          Once in the interview room, he made me feel relaxed and allowed me to remove my suit jacket due to the heat and he asked for my passport and discharge book (I had my TRB and workbook in my bag next to me but these were never asked for) He told me my oral would take anywhere between 30-60 minutes depending on the 'journey I took him on'

          We talked about about which ships I had been on and machinery (2 diesel electric passenger ships, twin prop, boilers)

          The oral then started:

          Taking over a watch - what I would check, what information I'd want to receive from outgoing engineer, emphasis was on records (log book, ORB, standing orders)

          Boilers - Why we have boilers? I had hybrid boilers so he asked me to explain the working principle of those and then safety features and blowing down gauge glass - further questioned why after blowing down you open the water cock before the steam cock.

          Principle of EGB

          Boiler water tests and why

          Sparks coming out of the funnel, why and actions.

          Generator trips - asked me to list reasons the generator may slow down or shut down, quizzed me on why and what reverse power was

          Why you have a turbocharger and how it works, does it go directly from t/c to engine, why do we have a charge air cooler

          Fuel rack is stuck, engine is overspeeding, what do you do?

          Refrigeration system - basic refrigeration cycle, state of refrigerant at outlet of each component, how is heat removed from a cold space, how does the system start and stop, how do we remove air from the system

          Fuel pump and injector - draw and explain their operation

          Air start explosion - how are they caused?

          Safety features of start air line

          Emergency generator requirements - location, starting time, starting methods, how long it must run for, what it supplies

          Fixed firefighting, how water mist works, how CO2 works, what does it cover, how to avoid accidental release, where can it be set off from

          Fresh water generation, how flash evaporators and reverse osmosis works

          COSWP enclosed space requirements - what are you testing for? What are the limits?

          Are you happy to be EOOW?

          (Didn't asked for any typical system drawings, I offered to draw for the gauge glass drill to aid my explanation, was asked to draw fuel pump and injector and refrigeration system)

          EDIT: Just to add, he then stamped my NoE with a pass and talked me through how to apply for my CoC. If anybody has any questions, feel free to PM.
          Last edited by NCFCJJ; 13 June 2017, 10:11 PM. Reason: RESULT