I don't think being female will hinder you. There are less woman in this job but I think that's due to less woman applying rather than any discrimination.
You can request companies but it doesn't seem to make much difference. If you previously worked for princess you might be able to reach out to contacts you already have. They might be able to influence it or they might not.
They ask about identifying ship types, life on board, safety and risks on board, what's in the news etc